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History of the creation of Louvre
The building was based on the tower of the Louvre, which was designed to observe the ways of approaching the Vikings. It was built by Philip Augustus in 1190. After 200 years, Louvre was turned into a royal treasury, and then to the residence of Karl V. After, an obsolete tower was demolished and two wings were built. In the time of Henry IV, Louvre was connected to the Tuileries palace, and Louis XIV increased it fourfold. The architects Lemersier and later Louis Levond created the square courtyard.
Photo: The Louvre Museum from outside, © Selina Jain
As a museum, the Louvre was first opened to the public on August 10, 1793, during the French Revolution. Napoleon I continued the reconstruction of the Louvre after the revolution. Persie and Fontaine (architects of Napoleon) built a northern wing along the Rivoli street. When the palace of the Tuileries in 1871 was destroyed after the fire, the Louvre started to look like we know it now.
The Pyramid of the Louvre
In 1989, the architect Yo Ming Pei built a glass pyramid. Although the project of the pyramid was first sharply criticized, pyramid harmoniously blended into the exterior of the luxurious royal palace. It became the main entrance to the Louvre. It is surrounded by three smaller copies of it and a few fountains.
The pyramid consists of more than 600 glass segments. Its height is 21.65 meters, and the weight is more than 180 tons. The prototype for the creation was the pyramid of Cheops.
Photo: The Louvre glass pyramid, © Nishibi
What is the cost of an entrance ticket to the Louvre you can always find out on the official website (there you can buy a ticket not to stand in line after). Pre-purchased tickets give the right to enter without a queue and they have an unlimited period of validity. The price for visiting permanent collections and temporary exhibitions is €15.
Photo: Louvre inside, © Hannes Frick
Photo: Louvre inside, © Kevin Nugent
Free visit to the Louvre
Free entrance is provided for:
• visitors under the age of 18;
• visitors from 18 to 25 years living in the European economic space;
• disabled people and their attendants;
• for everyone on the first Sunday of the month from October to March or June 14th on the Bastille Day (national holiday in France).
The Louvre is opened every day except Tuesdays and 1 January. In other days the schedule does not change. Opening hours are from 9 am to 6 pm. On Wednesdays and Fridays, it works till 9:45 pm. In the evenings some of the halls do not work.
Photo: Statues in the Louvre, © Sarah Roth
Photo: Statues in the Louvre, Franco Beccari
How to get to the Louvre
Metro stations: 1st line- the Royal Palace station and the 7th - the Louvre Museum.
By bus: 21, 24, 27, 39, 48, 68, 69, 72, 81, 95. They stop in front of the main entrance to the museum.
Things to do here 4
The greatest creation of Leonardo da Vinci, a masterpiece of world art known all over the world. The crater on Venus is named after her.€1514
The famous work of art of Alexander of Antioch - Aphrodite is an ancient Greek statue, which you can admire for hours.€1513
The Louvre is crowded with famous women: Venus of Milo, Mona Lisa and of course Victoria of Samothrace or just Nike.€155
You can see the famous sphinx not only in Egypt but also in Paris. A whole exposition of ancient Egyptian art is exposed in the Louvre.€154
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